CPC+ Holds Plenty of Potential for FPs
“Even after expenses, this will mean a six-figure boost in income for each of us and the delivery of care will be significantly better.”
This is a portion of an email we received from a family physician in Michigan who wanted to share the impact that the Comprehensive Primary Care Plus (CPC+) program would have on the writer's six-physician practice. This physician estimates that not only will the program allow everyone in the practice to better serve their patients, especially those with complex health conditions, but it will generate significant revenue for each of them, as well as for the practice.
The AAFP shares this excitement about CPC+, but we recognize that to realize the full potential of the program we need to ensure that a high number of family physicians apply and participate in it.
On Aug. 1, CMS announced the 14 states and regions that will participate in CPC+ and opened the application process. Interested and eligible physicians who practice in one of the selected states/regions may apply by Sept. 15.
CPC+ is a five-year primary care medical home program that will begin in 2017 and conclude in 2021. It is a multi-payer model, which means that Medicare, Medicaid and commercial insurance programs will all be participating in the selected states/regions. The multi-payer approach is essential to creating alignment across a practice. Fifty-seven payers have signed up to participate in the program.
CMS plans to select 5,000 practices for participation in the CPC+ program from the selected states and regions. The participating states are Arkansas, Colorado, Hawaii, Michigan, Montana, New Jersey, Ohio (including northern Kentucky), Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island and Tennessee. In addition to the 11 states, three regions were selected: Kansas City metro (Kansas and Missouri), Philadelphia metro and New York Hudson Valley. Many of the selected states/regions also participated in the Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative (CPCI), which concludes at the end of this year.
The CPC+ program aims to build on the experiences gained from CPCI or, as it is now known, the CPC Classic program.
CPC+ will have two tracks. Track 1 aims to support practices in building key comprehensive primary care capabilities. Track 2 targets practices that have more experience delivering advanced primary care and aims to support delivery of enhanced care through IT, targeting patients with complex needs and helping to meet patients' psychosocial needs. Participating practices in both tracks must develop, implement and execute against five key primary care functions. Those five functions are:
- access and continuity;
- care management;
- comprehensiveness and coordination;
- patient and caregiver engagement; and
- planned care and population health.
In addition, participating practices must prove that they have support from multiple payers, use a certified electronic health record technology and report electronic clinical quality measures at the practice level. Practices participating in Track 2 must also demonstrate a commitment to using enhanced health IT functions in their practice and a commitment to caring for complex patients. Track 2 practices are required to have a letter of support from their IT vendor(s) when applying. All IT vendors for Track 2 practices will be required to enter into a memorandum of understanding with CMS.
Participating practices will receive prospective payments in three forms: comprehensive primary care payments, care management fees and performance-based incentive payments. Unlike other pay-for-performance programs, payments under the CPC+ Performance-based Incentive Payment (PBIP) system will be made to practices at the beginning -- not the conclusion -- of the performance year. Practices will be retroactively evaluated on their performance on patient experience, clinical quality and utilization. Practices that fail to meet quality and utilization thresholds must repay some of PBIP.
Track 1 practices will continue to receive Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) payments along with a prospective per-beneficiary-per-month care management fee. The practices also will receive prospective PBIP payments of $2.50 per beneficiary per month.
Track 2 practices will receive a blended payment made up of Medicare FFS and a prospective percentage of expected Medicare reimbursement for evaluation and management claims, along with a prospective per-beneficiary-per-month care management fee. The practices also will receive prospective PBIP payments of $4 per beneficiary per month.
Care Management Fee
Participating practices in both tracks will receive prospective monthly care management fees (CMF) on a per-beneficiary basis. The amount of the monthly payment will be based on the health care condition (HCC) of the beneficiary. CMS estimates that the average CMF will be $15 per beneficiary for Track 1 practices and $28 per beneficiary for Track 2 practices. Additionally, Track 2 practices will receive a CMF of $100 per beneficiary for their most complex patients. The CMF structure is as follows:
|Risk Tier||Attribution Criteria||Track 1||Track 2|
|Tier 1||First quartile HCC||$6||$9|
|Tier 2||Second quartile HCC||$8||$11|
|Tier 3||Third quartile HCC||$16||$19|
|Tier 4|| Fourth quartile HCC for Track 1
75% to 89% for Track 2
|Tier 5||Top 10% HCC||Not available||$100|
Family physicians who meet the eligibility criteria and practice in one of the selected 14 states/regions may apply to participate in the CPC+ program by Sept. 15. Practices applying to Track 2 will need to submit a letter of support from their health IT vendor(s) that outlines the vendors' commitment to supporting the practice with advanced health IT capabilities.
The AAFP has numerous resources that can assist you in evaluating your eligibility and completing the application process. We also have partnered with Caravan Health to provide assistance in the practice evaluation and application process. If you are interested in partnering with the AAFP and using the resources available from Caravan Health, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
- CMS CPC+ Fact Sheet
- CMS CPC+ Practice Open Door Forum schedule
- CPC+ Application Checklist
- CPC+ Frequently Asked Questions
- CPC+ Request for Application
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